l

Friday, 13 February 2015

The First People

 
The First People

by Zakaria Bziker

No one remembers one’s moment of birth and neither does humanity. The beginning of man on earth is a complete mystery. The present article, however, is not about how man came to be, but about shortly after that. It is about the dawn of humanity, a missing chapter in the human history. This chapter is of a forgotten people that mapped the earth and the sky long before there were ancient Egyptians or Jews. These mysterious first people are not to be confused with Australopithecus, Homo Habilis, or Homo Ergaster. They are, instead, the people remembered by ancients as ‘gods’; the people that first engineered societies leaving baffling traces on earth.
The idea of progress is new. Before the enlightenment, human civilizations throughout history viewed the past as being glorious and did not expect the future to be better than the present but to resemble and repeat the past. Man did not think highly of themselves until after Kant declared the motto “Sapere aude” – dare to think for yourself. Since then, our attitudes towards the past changed. But the question remains: what is in our distant past that made the ancients behold it with such impressiveness?
Scientific and technological progress does not have to take thousands of years. The pace of progress could be exponential, slow, or even regressive; exponential through accidental breakthroughs and inventions, e.g. the 20th century, slow when it is impeded by a force majeure such as the Roman church, or the Black Death that prolonged the dark ages for a century, and regressive when undergoing a massive loss of knowledge, e.g. the burning of the Alexandria library in 391 A.D. The idea that scientific and technological development takes millennia is a baseless fact. This idea, if not just an impression, is just our assessment of the known history. Technological progress is inevitable and desirable for any civilization. It could take a couple of centuries to millennia depending on circumstances.
Science and technology change not only the way we live presently but also the way we view both the past and the future. As we go on progressing, our expectations of the future change depending on the breakthroughs we come across and the pace of the scientific development. Similarly, our vision of the past changes too as we gain new ways and means of investigating facts. The current worldview of the past is that things were primitive, and that mankind emerged from a state of barbarism to become smarter and more capable. However, new emerging evidence suggests otherwise.
What started it all was originally Plato’s account of Atlantis. Yet, across the two millennia, his account was considered fictional if not misunderstood. Not until 1882 that the U.S. Congressman Ignatius Loyola Donnelly published his book ‘Atlantis: The Antediluvian World’ in which he gathers all sort of the then-available evidence in favor of an early mighty civilization that was far more advanced than it had any right to be. He mainly studied ancient myths and believed Plato’s account to be historically accurate. Forty-seven years later, a medieval map called Piri Reis was found at the Imperial Palace library in Constantinople (Istanbul) in1929. This map inexplicably depicts the cost of South America and Antarctica with unprecedented fine details corresponding to nowadays longitude and latitude albeit the map dates back to 1513.
It wasn’t until after the Piri Reis map had made its appearance that other maps of high precision started emerging in the following years, eg: The Ribero maps 1520-30, the Ortelius map 1570, and the Wright-Molyneux map 1599 (McIntosh, 2000:59). Upon its discovery, it was thought that the map had been based on Columbus explorations without regard to the fact that Columbus never surveyed South America. Later on, Charles Hapgood studied the map intensively to come up with the conclusion that an advanced civilization in the remote past had existed and had mapped the earth beforehand (Hapgood, 1966). Hapgood’s unorthodox theory of earth crustal displacement also accounts for a preexistent civilized culture in Antarctica. Albert Einstein remarked that Hapgood’s ideas had scientific worth (Einstein, 1953). Years later in 1978, Brad Steiger’s book ‘Worlds Before Our Own’ rekindled the issue. Steiger studied the OPA (Out-of-place artifacts).
The underlying counter-assumption to his findings says that: if humans were primitive in the past, common sense then says that the deeper one digs down into the earth, the more un-advanced artifacts one finds. Steiger found that some advanced human artifacts are located in the lowest primordial geologic strata whereas primitive ones are located in upper strata and thus labeled Out-of-Place Artifacts. He also presented evidence that strongly suggests the cohabitation of dinosaurs and humans. Steiger’s unconventional book fueled other subsequent works such as Dead Men’s Secrets (1986), Forbidden Archaeology (1993), The Orion Mystery (1993), Fingerprints of the Gods (1995), and Technology of the Gods (1999). The book was also met with a great deal of criticism. Nowadays these emerging ideas along with supporting evidence call into question the current worldview of the first people.
Let us now move to the implications of this view. When one subscribes to the current eccentric theory of history, one is then driven to speculate two possible past events that put an end to these people. Either these ancients were so advanced that they destroyed themselves, or they were destroyed by a global cataclysm from which a few survived. The first case seems less probable than the second although there might be some clues that imply ancient warfare.
 “When the first atomic bomb exploded in New Mexico, the desert sand turned to fused green glass. This fact, according to the magazine Free World, has given certain archaeologists a turn. They have been digging in the ancient Euphrates Valley and have uncovered a layer of agrarian culture 8,000 years old, and a layer of herdsman culture much older, and a still older caveman culture. Recently, they reached another layer, a layer of fused green glass” (New York Herald Tribune, 1947)
The assumption of uniformitarianism makes scientists attribute the current features of the earth surface to a slow process that took millions of years. The alternative view however suggests that these features are actually the result of a worldwide cataclysm that took place mere thousands years ago. In this article, 3 pieces of evidence in favor of the cataclysm will be provided.
We have first the problem of carbon dating method. Most geologists use carbon dating to determine the age of fossils and geologic strata. The reliability of this dating method requires a balance between the forming and decaying of radioactive carbon that has been maintaining its equilibrium for millions of years in earth’s atmosphere. However, its forming and decaying has not even yet reached equilibrium on earth for the amount of C14 that is being produced is greater than that which is being decayed. As a result, we cannot use today’s C14 ratio (0.0000765%) in the atmosphere as a benchmark to measure the presence of C14 in ancient fossils. Plus, it is hopeless to correlate earth’s epochs with the geologic column since the latter is based on fiction (Huse, 1983:15; Smith, 2012:242).
Vertical petrified trees are the whistleblower that exposes the invalidity of the geologic column. Many petrified trees running across multiple geological strata have been observed in nature which could only suggest that these strata formed in a short period of time, a result of a rapid cataclysmal sedimentation for example, but not a process of millions of years (Harold 1969;1971, Rupke, N.A, 1970).
Second, there is scientific evidence of a past near-extinction event, also known as population bottleneck event. The two researchers William Amos and J.I. Hoffman from University of Cambridge found genetic evidence for a sudden and drastic decline of the world population to a very small number of people just thousands of years ago (Amos & Hoffman, 2010:131-7). This is speculated to be caused by a worldwide cataclysm.
Third, there are stunning similarities among several ancient myths and legends of different people across the globe on the event of a past global catastrophe, more specifically a global flood similar to the one mentioned in both Biblical and Qur’anic accounts. Some of these myths are Sumerian creation myth (ca. 1600 B.C.), Ancient Greek flood myths, ancient myths of Kwaya, Mbuti, Maasai, Mandin, and Yoruba people in Africa, Yu the Great (ca. 2200 B.C.) and Nüwa in China, Tiddalik in Australia, Hopi mythology in North America, Unu Pachakuti myth of the Incas in South America and this is not the end of the list for there are more than 500 ancient deluge legends (Cox, 1997:198; Dey, 2012: 112; Wohl, 2000:273; LaViolette, 2005: 235). These myths are traces of a global collective memory referring to an actual occurrence in the distant past.
Myths are the fossils of history (Gray, 2004:15). They preserve history in ways that would not make sense to us. The dialogues of Plato regarding Atlantis are but the most vivid memory of antediluvian societies we have nowadays. Some myths do still recall some faint memories of the golden age but these memories are depicted in the guise of magic and supernatural powers. Take the example of the Sanskrit epic of vimanas about a mythological flying machine. Recently, some researchers have immersed themselves into studying ancient myths from this perspective, e.g. Max Igan, 2005, and they have found rather curious results.
Now comes the famous question: where is the concrete evidence to this bold claim of ancient advanced societies? The chemist and Nobel medalist Dr. Melvin Cook concludes that the earth underground oil deposits were formed as a result of a sudden and rapid burial of organic materials just a few thousands years ago (Cook, 1966; 1967). It could be the case that the oil deposits are ancient buried cities that turned into oil due to the sudden sedimentation and high pressure since the deluge would have had wrecked everything. In that sense, we might be burning the evidence every time one goes in their car to run an errand. The matter of concrete evidence is clearly a weak spot to this line of enquiry; however, how much do we really know about earth? Absence of evidence is not evidence of absence to begin with. The evidence could be staring us in the face but we are just blind to it considering the way we perceive and interpret facts. Plus, we are not even looking for the evidence because we lack perspective. We thus remain quite heedless to any emerging evidence if not we willingly cover it. There are though some tantalizing hints that ought to be considered seriously.
How about acknowledging first that the biggest manmade edifices on earth are concrete and unnoticed evidence? For thousands of years, the Great Pyramid of Khufu had been the tallest structure on earth until the Empire State Building skyscraper was completed in 1931, and still is “the most colossal single building ever erected on the planet” (britannica.com). It is aligned to true geodetic North and its location is found to be the center of the earth landmass. This sort of precision entails a comprehensive knowledge of earth geography, e.g. Mercator projection, which is something very unexpected of ancient Egypt (Bauer, 2007:86). In addition to that, engineers and scientists conclude that it is impossible to replicate the great pyramid despite the sophisticated technology we have nowadays given the structure’s immensity and staggering precision
 “Scientists have conceded that modern man cannot build a great pyramid that would retain its shape for thousands of years without sagging under its own weight.” (Gray, 2004:172)
The engineer Markus Schulte, however, speculates that if it were possible to replicate the Great Pyramid alone, it would nowadays cost us some $35 billion (Malkowski, 2010:117). Investing such money in such colossal structure, that is not even habitable, and without any expected profit, is something we certainly do not do today. So the question of ‘how was it built?’ is of less importance to ‘why was it built?’
One of the latest theories that seems to make sense as to why the Giza pyramids were built is the Orion Correlation theory (1993) advanced by Robert Bauval. The theory suggests that the three pyramids at Giza mirror the three stars in the Orion constellation, also known as Orion’s belt, and the position of the Nile River in relation to the pyramids mirrors the position of the Milky Way galaxy in relation to the Orion constellation. Further, Bauval observes that the shaft within the Great Pyramid was, in the past, oriented towards the middle star of Orion’s belt which is the start representing the same pyramid.
Read the rest of this article here:
nexusilluminati