Monday, 1 October 2018

Dangers of Fracking

The Dangers of Fracking and Why it Must Be Stopped
By  Julian Websdale

Hydraulic fracturing is the fracturing of rock by a pressurized liquid. Some hydraulic fractures form naturally – certain veins or dikes are examples. Induced hydraulic fracturing or hydrofracturing, commonly known as fracking, is a technique in which typically water is mixed with sand and chemicals, and the mixture is injected at high pressure into a wellbore to create small fractures (typically less than 1mm), along which fluids such as gas, petroleum, uranium-bearing solution, and brine water may migrate to the well. Hydraulic pressure is removed from the well, and then small grains of proppant (sand or aluminium oxide) hold these fractures open once the rock achieves equilibrium. The technique is very common in wells for shale gas, tight gas, tight oil, and coal seam gas and hard rock wells.
The first experimental use of hydraulic fracturing was in 1947, and the first commercially successful applications were in 1949. George P. Mitchell is considered by some the modern “father of fracking” because he applied it to the Barnett Shale in the 1990s. As of 2010, it was estimated that 60% of all new oil and gas wells worldwide were being hydraulically fractured. As of 2012, 2.5 million hydraulic fracturing jobs have been performed on oil and gas wells worldwide, more than one million of them in the United States.
The Dangers
Fracking uses a toxic chemical cocktail known as fracking fluid. Companies using fracking fluid have resisted disclosing the contents of fracking fluid, claiming the information is proprietary. However, samples from well sites indicate that the fluid contains formaldehyde, acetic acids, citric acids, and boric acids, among hundreds of other contaminants. It has recently come to light that, despite the illegality of the action, companies have been caught using diesel fuel in the fracking fluid.
Fracking removes millions of gallons of precious freshwater from the water cycle. Each well uses between two and five million gallons of locally-sourced freshwater which will be permanently contaminated by ground contaminants and toxic chemicals contained in the fracking fluid. About half of this water returns to the surface, where it is stored in steel containers until it can be injected deep underground in oil and gas waste wells. At least some of the other half of this toxic cocktail makes its way back into the water supply.
Fracking causes a range of environmental problems. At least nine US states have reported surface, ground, and drinking water contamination due to fracking. In Pennsylvania, over 1,400 environmental violations have been attributed to deep gas wells utilizing fracking practices. Pollution from truck traffic, chemical contamination around storage tanks, and habitat fragmentation and damage from drilling to environmentally sensitive areas are all related to fracking.
Earthquakes Caused by Fracking
In April and May 2011 there was a series of earthquakes of magnitude 2.3, in the UK near the town of Blackpool, which  occurred during fracking to explore a shale gas reservoir. This resulted in a temporary moratorium on exploratory fracking in the UK, but this was then lifted in December 2012. However, tremors can occur long after water has been injected into the ground, the result of weakening the fault lines. By examining the catalogue of past earthquake recordings, scientists found increased stress in faults near to where fracking and wastewater injection had been used.
Scientists have also found evidence that, even if earthquakes do not occur directly after water is injected underground, the damage they do to fault lines can lead to tremors being triggered by the shockwaves from large earthquakes on the other side of the world.
Free Energy is a Fact
Free energy technology is being used today, suppressed or in secret, and has been for decades. These are technologies that provide unlimited supplies of energy without using any fuel themselves. They access the ocean of power in the Earth’s energy field and other energies all around us and produce no pollution and no environmental degradation whatsoever. These technologies can be used to heat and power homes, businesses, vehicles, and so on. The Serbian scientist Nikola Tesla ran a car in New York with a form of free energy technology in 1931, and John Worrel Keely of Philadelphia demonstrated his ‘Dynaspheric Force’ free energy machine in New York in the 1890s. While investigating the magnetic forces flowing between the Earth’s poles, he discovered that ‘corpuscles of matter’ could be divided by vibration and the principle used to drive a motor.
The inventors of free energy technology have always suffered suppression and some have been harassed in other ways. One, John Searl, from Britain, built his Searl Effect Generator (SEG) which was inspired by a dream he had as a boy. It was based on a magnetic device, and it generated usable electricity. As he perfected his creation, Searl also began to build flying craft. Three months before he planned to build a craft for manned flight, he was jailed for using his own free electricity and not for paying the power company to use theirs. While Searl was in prison on this outrageous charge, the authorities burned all his papers.
The same happened to an American inventor, Dennis Lee, who discovered that the system is desperate to stop these technologies, because they will remove our dependence for fuel and warmth and the whole cover-up of their technology will begin to come to light. Many free energy inventors are refused patents, and their work can be classified by an international ‘Military Use Refuse’ law which can stop them from publishing their findings or promoting their technology. The so called ‘elite’ of the world know all about it, because the information goes to their scientists.
Fracking is dismantling the stability of the Earth in the areas where they frack, it is releasing radon gas which can be lethal radiation, and it is destroying water supplies by polluting them with hundreds of poisonous and carcinogenic chemicals.  It  must be stopped.

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